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Photo: Dave Gilliam

Fishing, Diving, and Other Uses

The Fishing, Diving, and Other Uses (FDOU) Focus Area was formed to address impacts to southeast Florida’s coral reefs caused by activities such as fishing, diving, and boating. Actions associated with these activities often result in unintended impacts that alter reef ecosystems.


The FDOU Focus Area’s primary purpose is to identify these impacts and assess how they affect marine organisms and their reef habitats. The main goals are:

  • Identifying the conservation ethics of different reef users.
  • Examining potential direct and indirect impacts of fishing, diving, and boating to the reef.
  • Assisting SEFCRI Team decisions in determining the benefit and proper deployment of artificial reefs.
  • Locating reliable funding sources that will support future FDOU projects and goals.

Photo: Quenton Felty

Physical contact from anchors can scrape, dislodge, and crush fragile coral and sponges.


The SEFCRI team and partners help improve understanding of current stakeholder knowledge and perception of southeast Florida’s coral reefs in order to identify projects that would best fulfill the FDOU Focus Area’s goals. These projects include:

  • Collecting information about the use of marine managed areas around the world.
  • Examining how current resources, uses, and threats of southeast Florida’s coral reefs have changed from those in the past.
  • Providing workshops that encourage divers and fishers to exercise “reef friendly” practices.
  • Identifying the most intensely used areas of the reef.
  • Use data and information gathered by the SEFCRI Team and partners to adaptively manage the northern third of the Florida Reef Tract.


FDOU projects represent local and international perspectives to help ensure the most effective strategies for preserving southeast Florida’s reefs by establishing a balance between the use and protection of coastal and ocean resources. Outcomes of these cooperative strategies include:

  • Increased awareness, understanding, and compliance with Florida’s fishing and boating regulations.
  • Increased stakeholder education about “reef friendly” practices.
  • Achieving a sustainable balance between fishing, diving, and recreational activities so optimal benefits of the resource can be enjoyed by present and future users.
  • Minimization of direct and indirect impacts caused by fishing, diving, and other uses associated with coral reefs.
  • Development and coordination of a mooring buoy system to protect the most intensely used reef areas from anchoring.
  • Stakeholder-identified recommendations that use the best available science to address the goals outlined by the local community of reef users and managers to protect and preserve southeast Florida’s coral reefs for sustainable use.
  • Increased public awareness and involvement in the future management of southeast Florida’s coral reefs through Our Florida Reefs.
  • In 2009, protection of southeast Florida’s coral reef resources was enhanced via the Coral Reef Protection Act, find out more here.

See full list of SEFCRI’s FDOU projects and reports here.

Partner Organizations:

The FDOU focus area works with a community of local stakeholders, scientists, resource managers and regulating agencies to develop stakeholder-driven management recommendations that emphasize the balance between resource use and protection. This focus area works in cooperation with all interested parties to reduce impacts to southeast Florida’s reefs. Partner organizations past and present are listed on this page.

Enjoy southeast Florida’s reefs and how you can protect it while fishing, diving, and boating:

Photo: Quenton Felty

Reef Injury Prevention and Response Program

Photo: Joe Marino

View Southeast Florida’s Coral Reefs on Your Mobile Device

Photo: ESRI

Marine Planner Online Mapping Tool for Southeast Florida Coral Reefs

Photo: FDEP

Mooring Buoy Maps